Translated into English from Danish language Copenhagen means the Chapman’s haven and this haven always remains awake to give a warm welcome to each of its visitors. Copenhagen is a popular destination for many people around the world. Some visit to get acquainted with the happiest nation in the world, some want to explore local attractions, some want to understand what Danish democracy is, and so on.
Copenhagen is presently, one of the strictest and yet kindest European capitals where you will have to obey certain rules, particularly those referring to code of conduct and respect to local customs and habits at the same time enjoying a full freedom. Those who understand where the limits start and where they end will love the leading Danish city.
Denmark has passed a long and interesting path on which it has created a very victorious and impressive history worth being read even as a literary book. Nowadays, it’s more a peaceful country with peaceful environment which pulls tourists from everywhere in the world. Capital Copenhagen is the crater of the Danish Kingdom. Everything seems to start from here and stretch across the rest of Denmark.
As a capital city Denmark offers a great deal of things to do and way more things and places to see. The Round Tower is one place not to miss. It dates to around four centuries ago and has much to recount; therefore it is recommended to visit the tower with a guide to have a clear idea of what value and significance it bears.
Rundetaarn, the Round Tower is located in Central Copenhagen. It was initially built as an astronomical observatory. And the idea was put forward by Christian IV and is one of his numerous architectural projects.
How it all began? In the 17th century astronomy became quite important in Europe. It was a period of time when invading bids were at their height. Countries were in a vigorous competition and each needed to have accurate navigation. Back in those times there was a Danish nobleman called Tycho Brahe who was particularly known for his accurate astronomical and planetary observations.
However, the astronomer and Danish King Christian IV did not come to terms and having serious disagreements between each other Tycho Brahe left Denmark and Christian Longomontanus was appointed the king’s new astronomer. He was also the first professor of astronomy at the University of Copenhagen. It was Christian Longomontanus who suggested building an astronomical tower.
The astronomer proposed that the tower be built on top of Solbjerget hill; however, there were plans to construct a new students’ church and a library for the university. And it was decided to combine all three into one. Thus, the merge of the three planned buildings into one gave birth to Trinitatis Complex. The foundation stone was laid in 1637 and the construction of the observatory was completed in 1642. It should be noted that the construction of the church and the library was completed much later – in 1657.
Once the observatory was ready Christian Longomontanus was appointed the first director. In 1728 the Great Fire occurred which caused severe damage to the observatory. Nevertheless, the building was rebuilt. The building continued as one of the most important Danish buildings until 19th century while starting from this century its popularity started decreased. It’s accounted by the fact that new and larger instruments were emerging, while the observatory was not capable of being expanded in order to possess them.
In addition, Copenhagen was developing day and day out. And being located in the center of the city, the observatory also had to face another problem – light pollution which increased to such an extent as to make the observations less accurate.
Presently, the Round Tower which has been mentioned more than once in the tales of prominent Danish writer Hans Christian Andersen serves as an observation tower and a public observatory which offers a wonderful city view.